A human being spinning around on this big blue marble with the rest of you, interested in Media // Music // Art // Family // Business // Founder of http://hny.pt

WordPress Injection Attack

March 4, 2009 Update: My plan has worked out very well and everything is back to normal without too much of an interruption. My request for Google site review took a total of 12 hours and it was completely handled through Google Webmaster Tools. Google spidered the entire site for about 6 hours checking every existing page on the site from Mountain View California. Around 6pm EST I was given a new notice in my Webmaster Control panel that the notice would be removed with the next update which took place about 90 minutes later.

I'd like to thanks a few people who gave me some good advice. If this does happen to you make sure that you:

  1. Remove any old plugins may have or update them.
  2. Ensure the source of the plugin is using best practices for PHP coding. If the plugin is not listed In the Official WordPress Plugins Directory then be careful.
  3. Add the following plugins: WP Security Scan and WordPress Firewall (Thanks to Ruud Hein for the suggestion!).
  4. Backup your content, themes, and plugins on a regular basis so a roll back is easy in the event that you are attacked again.
  5. Be careful of who you send your site to on Twitter! See the end of the post for the official Twitter email I received and this was the source of the attack.
  6. This one is obivious but make sure you WordPress version is current as many security fixes are implement in point releases (ie 2.7.1).
  7. Secure you Web Server or have your System Administrator or Web Host ensure that everything is in order.

/Update.

I woke up this morning ready to get to work and as per usual I check my sites indexes in Google, Yahoo and MSN. Even though it's a beautiful sunny day outside I was shocked to see the following:

Bad News for Tuesday MorningBad News for Tuesday Morning to be sure. So the question is what do I do and how do I get this bad message off my Search Listing?

I'm not too concerned to be honest except for the fact that my site is vulnerable to this injection attack. I would love to smack the hacker that instituted this attack.

So first things first:

What is this message all about? Well when I viewed the source of my site I saw what is called an obsfucated injection attack on the footer of every single one of my pages. This is a bit of a pain since I am using WordPress MU with a number of plugins.

That means that  the hackers could have injected their little code block into my theme, my plugins into the core WordPress MU files. Not a pretty thought to have to go through all of those areas to remove these individual code blocks. Bottom line: my site got hacked. What steps do I take to repair the damage that's been done?

[poll id="3"]

My plan to remove the PHP injection attack:

  1. Identify which files on the web server are compromised.
  2. Identify if the compromised files are plugins, comments, themes, or WordPress Core files.
  3. If the compromised file is a plugin then determine if the plugin should be removed completely (is it the source of weakness?) or simply a victim and should be reuploaded and reactivated.
  4. Upload a clean version of WordPress MU core files. This prevents me from having to wade through all of the compromised files.
  5. Go through comments and identify any potentially malicious links to malware sites. I am very lucky since I have recently moved the domain to a new server since my previous horrible host disabled access to the phpMySQL instance through the cPanel (yes EMC Web Hosting Sucks NEVER use them). This will not be a huge issue.
  6. Go through my theme which is a customized version of Revolution Theme by Brian Gardner. I frequently backup this theme since it is a a simple matter  of uploading the theme to the web server.
  7. Visit Google Webmaster Tools and submit a request for Google to audit my site to remove the malicious tagging on my site.
  8. Audit the entire site to ensure the malicious code in completely removed.
  9. Back up the theme again, ensuring I have the ability to restore clean code in the event that I am on someone's hacking list.
  10. Harden WordPress MU to ensure that this does not happen again.

That's my plan. I am about half way through it but there are some serious issues at play here since it is not only Google which is tagging my site as malicious (bad for business!). Check out the number of blocks which exist:

Google Malicious Message:

I'm not Malicious but Google thinks I am

I'm not Malicious but Google thinks I am so next step is to click on the SERP that's when Firefox jumps in:

After clicking the SERP Firefox jumps in and says I am bad too!

After clicking the SERP Firefox jumps in and says I am an attack site. How fascinating but just wait. It's not over yet when I get to the site:

Firefox toolbar warningFirefox toolbar warning

So clearly the powers that be and the tools on my computer are working hard to identify malicious sites. It is very clear that this site could be malicious and even though it was through no intent on my part the bottom line is that my site was hacked and turned into an attack site. This is a good line of warnings to any user and in the time frame that I am repairing the site and hardening my WordPress to ensure this does not happen again I don't really mind having these messages there.

They are good for users.

Update - Twitter just sent me the source of this injection attack:

Uh oh! We found a bad apple in your Twitter feed.

We detected a link in your account pointing to a phishing site or other harmful material that we identified as malware. Here's the troublesome post:

"@BlogDuJour hey there try out my blog [ your unsafe link was here ] - I am in the process of redesigning now but should be back to normal soon!"
March 02, 2009 22:07

We removed this update from Twitter. Please be mindful of others in the Twitter community, and post only safe links on Twitter.com.

Thanks! Twitter Support


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Dan Nedelko

A human being spinning around on this big blue marble with the rest of you, interested in Media // Music // Art // Family // Business // Founder of http://hny.pt

10 Comments » for WordPress Injection Attack
  1. Hi Dan, This has happened quite a few times to us, as we have over 70 sites around the internet. What a pain…You can always tell because your tags are missing when looking at the posts dashboard. I like to call it “rogue code”…Uhhh! We have done all the things you’ve suggested except installing WordPress Firewall. Also, I had never heard about the bad Twitter sharing before…Hmmm Thanks for this article! Kimberly :)
    • Dan Nedelko says:
      Hi Kimberly, Thanks for the tip about the tags. I’ve also narrowed down the plugins as well and am much more careful about adding a plugin which I have not looked at in depth. Hope to see you back here soon and thanks for your input. - Dan
    • Dan Nedelko says:
      Hey Kimberly, Since you run quite a few WordPress blog maybe it would be useful for you to subscribe to my RSS feed. I have a series of useful articles coming up that might interest you. Thanks Dan
  2. WuWu says:
    Very nice post, thanks!!!
  3. RaiulBaztepo says:
    Hello! Very Interesting post! Thank you for such interesting resource! PS: Sorry for my bad english, I’v just started to learn this language ;) See you! Your, Raiul Baztepo
  4. Maxxx says:
    Oh, it’s a useful page! Thanks for it. (-:
  5. Dave Yates says:
    Good article. Hope it works!! I have a client’s site that has been getting filled up hidden injected links in the footer for months. I am at my wits end with it. I have been through the code with a fine tooth-comb (I’m not a hard-core code monkey, but I know my way around), I have deleted any number of plugins, installed as many preventative plugins, I have changed every username and password, done a complete reinstall of WP …and guess what – the hidden links keep coming back. Hopefully these plugins will finally see them off.
    • Dan Nedelko says:
      Hey Dave, These should help alot – I’m also going to email you directly but you’ll want to look at the server config. Years ago I had an account with Neureal, whose servers were hopelessly out of date. No matter what I did injections kept happening. You might want to try out a new host or have them lock some things down. Especially openbasedir restrictions – add them – locking that down removes some functionality but helps alot.
  6. Dave Yates says:
    Hi Dan Thanks for this and for the email. I am onto the server config advice now. Hosrting could be an issue – I use Heart in the UK. They are a bit ‘pile it high sell it cheap’, but the support is good and they know what they are doing – I tend to think the problem was of my own making. For those wanting to learn, read on… Historically, the site was first put up some years ago when I was still merrily creating several sites a day, full of enthusiasm for the ease and power of WordPress. Whereas, these days I tend to change everything including the WP-admin folder name, most of the file names and always delete the admin user name straight away and otherwise alter a lot of the out-of-the-box defaults, back then I did not. It is not so feasible to retro-fit some of those practices unfortunately and once some nasty little germ has blown a hole in your installation, prevention doesn’t work any more and a cure cannot always be easily found. Cautionary advice for everyone out there: 1. Consider adding .htpasswd and .htaccess protection to the wp-admin directory. 2. Try changing the wp-admin folder name. See: http://wp123.info/modifications/change-wp-admin-folder-name/ 3. I would add the login lockdown plugin to Dan’s two excellent suggestions: http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/login-lockdown/
3 Pings/Trackbacks for "WordPress Injection Attack"
  1. [...] If you own a wordpress site that got hacked and are trying to figure out what to do, here’s a great article on how to solve it.  [...]
  2. [...] on the registration page.Update 3: I am getting a pro at it now! Learnt about this plugin from here. I have installed it – it’s a great tool for securing your WP [...]

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